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Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jun;38(10):3340-50. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkq017. Epub 2010 Jan 31.

TRAP150 activates pre-mRNA splicing and promotes nuclear mRNA degradation.

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Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.


TRAP150 has been identified as a subunit of the transcription regulatory complex TRAP/Mediator, and also a component of the spliceosome. The exact function of TRAP150, however, remains unclear. We recently identified TRAP150 by its association with the mRNA export factor TAP. TRAP150 contains an arginine/serine-rich domain and has sequence similarity with the cell death-promoting transcriptional repressor BCLAF1. We found that TRAP150 co-localizes with splicing factors in nuclear speckles, and is required for pre-mRNA splicing and activates splicing in vivo. TRAP150 remains associated with the spliced mRNA after splicing, and accordingly, it interacts with the integral exon junction complex. Unexpectedly, when tethered to a precursor mRNA, TRAP150 can trigger mRNA degradation in the nucleus. However, unlike nonsense-mediated decay, TRAP150-mediated mRNA decay is irrespective of the presence of upstream stop codons and occurs in the nucleus. Moreover, TRAP150 activates pre-mRNA splicing and induces mRNA degradation by its separable functional domains. Therefore, TRAP150 represents a multi-functional protein involved in nuclear mRNA metabolism.

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