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Acta Endocrinol (Copenh). 1991 Mar;124(3):307-13.

Chronic treatment with bovine growth hormone upregulates high-affinity hepatic somatotropic receptors in sheep.

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Department of Paediatrics, University of Auckland, New Zealand.


We evaluated the effect of chronic bovine growth hormone treatment on the hepatic somatotropic receptor. Growing lambs were treated with bGH at 0, 0.05, 0.15, 0.25 or 0.55 daily (N = 5/group) for 56 days. The binding of ovine GH to hepatic membranes washed with 4 mol/l MgCl2 and prepared in the presence of aprotinin was examined. The specific binding of oGH was increased (p less than 0.01) from 7.1 +/- 1.2% in saline-treated controls to 17.4 +/- 1.5% in the 0.55 group. Scatchard analysis showed curvilinear plots that best fitted a two-site model in 22/25 livers. The two sites had estimated dissociation constants (Kd) of 3 to 13 nmol/l for the low-affinity site and a Kd ranging from 0.17 to 0.31 nmol/l for the high-affinity site. Treatment with bGH had no consistent effect on the affinity of either binding site. However, bGH therapy was associated with a dose-dependent increase (p less than 0.01) in the number of high-affinity somatotropic receptors. There was no effect of bGH therapy on the concentration of low-affinity binding sites. The concentration of high-affinity receptors correlated with weight gain (r = 0.54, p less than 0.01), fat content (r = -0.54, p less than 0.01), protein content (r = 0.40, p less than 0.05), and plasma IGF-I (r = 0.57, p less than 0.005). The concentrations of low-affinity binding sites showed no such correlations.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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