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Chest. 2010 Jun;137(6):1297-303. doi: 10.1378/chest.09-2060. Epub 2010 Jan 29.

Characterization of pulmonary arterial hypertension patients walking more than 450 m in 6 min at diagnosis.

Author information

1
Service de Pneumologie, Hôpital Antoine-Béclère, 157 rue de la Porte de Trivaux, 92141 Clamart, France. degano.b@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

At diagnosis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), some patients are considered to have a "near-normal" 6-min walk distance (6MWD) (ie, > 450 m). Because they are generally excluded from randomized controlled trials, little is known about these patients.

METHODS:

We analyzed the baseline characteristics and treatment responses of 49 consecutive patients with a 6MWD > 450 m at the time of newly diagnosed PAH. Data from this cohort were then compared with data from hemodynamically matched patients with a 6MWD < or = 450 m.

RESULTS:

Patients with a 6MWD > 450 m were either in World Health Organization (WHO) functional class (FC) II (n = 23) or III (n = 26) at baseline. Compared with patients in FC II, those in FC III had more severe hemodynamic impairment (ie, a lower cardiac index and higher pulmonary vascular pressures and resistance) but similar 6MWD. At first evaluation after initiation of PAH-specific treatment (3-6 months), FC improved (FC I-II: n = 38; FC III: n = 11, P < .005) and cardiac index increased. However, 6MWD remained unchanged. Compared with matched patients with a 6MWD < or = 450 m (n = 98), individuals with a 6MWD > 450 m were approximately 9 years younger (P = .0006) and had a lower BMI (P = .0009).

CONCLUSIONS:

Anthropometric characteristics such as younger age and lower BMI may explain higher 6MWD in some PAH patients. In the cohort of patients with a 6MWD > 450 m, hemodynamic indices and WHO FC were more sensitive than 6MWD in detecting changes secondary to PAH-specific treatments.

PMID:
20118205
DOI:
10.1378/chest.09-2060
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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