Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Cataract Refract Surg. 2010 Jan;36(1):127-32. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2009.07.046.

Anterior capsulotomy with a pulsed-electron avalanche knife.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology and Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4085, USA. palanker@stanford.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate a new pulsed-electron avalanche knife design for creating a continuous curvilinear capsulotomy (CCC) and compare the CCC with a mechanical capsulorhexis.

SETTING:

Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.

METHODS:

In this study, CCCs were created in freshly enucleated bovine eyes and in rabbit eyes in vivo. The cutting velocity was adjusted by controlling the burst repetition rate, voltage amplitude, and burst duration. Tissue samples were fixed and processed for histology and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) immediately after surgery.

RESULTS:

The study included 50 bovine eyes and 10 rabbit eyes. By adjusting the electrosurgical waveforms, gas-bubble formation was minimized to permit good surgical visualization. The optimum voltage level was determined to be +/-410 V with a burst duration of 20 mus. Burst repetition rate, continuously adjustable from 20 to 200 Hz with footpedal control, allowed the surgeon to vary linear cutting velocity up to 2.0 mm/s. Histology and SEM showed that the pulsed-electron avalanche knife produced sharp-edged capsule cutting without radial nicks or tears.

CONCLUSIONS:

The probe of the pulsed-electron avalanche knife duplicated the surgical feel of a 25-gauge cystotome and created a histologically smooth capsule cut. It may improve precision and reproducibility of creating a CCC, as well as improve its proper sizing and centration, especially in the face of surgical risk factors, such as weak zonules or poor visibility.

FINANCIAL DISCLOSURES:

Drs. Palanker and Vankov hold patents to the pulsed electron avalanche knife technology, which are licensed to PEAK Surgical by Stanford University. Drs. Palanker and Chang are consultants to PEAK Surgical. Dr. Vankov is an employee of PEAK Surgical. Neither of the other authors has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

PMID:
20117716
PMCID:
PMC2818865
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcrs.2009.07.046
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center