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Acta Trop. 2010 May;114(2):88-96. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2010.01.009. Epub 2010 Feb 1.

Phylogenetic relationships among species of Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) (Diptera, Culicidae) based on nuclear and mitochondrial gene sequences.

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Departamento de Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 715 sala 200 Cerquiera Cesar, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.


Phylogenetic relationships among 21 species of mosquitoes in subgenus Nyssorhynchus were inferred from the nuclear white and mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit 6 (ND6) genes. Bayesian phylogenetic methods found that none of the three Sections within Nyssorhynchus (Albimanus, Argyritarsis, Myzorhynchella) were supported in all analyses, although Myzorhynchella was found to be monophyletic at the combined genes. Within the Albimanus Section the monophyly of the Strodei Subgroup was strongly supported and within the Myzorhynchella Section Anopheles antunesi and An. lutzii formed a strongly supported monophyletic group. The epidemiologically significant Albitarsis Complex showed evidence of paraphyly (relative to An. lanei-Myzorhynchella) and discordance across gene trees, and the previously synonomized species of An. dunhami and An. goeldii were recovered as sister species. Finally, there was evidence of complexes in several species, including An. antunesi, An. deaneorum, and An. strodei.

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