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Emerg Infect Dis. 2010 Feb;16(2):244-50. doi: 10.3201/eid1602.091375.

Statewide school-located influenza vaccination program for children 5-13 years of age, Hawaii, USA.

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State of Hawaii Department of Health, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. paul.effl


New guidance recommends annual influenza vaccination for all children 5-18 years of age in the United States. During 2007-2008, Hawaii offered inactivated and live attenuated influenza vaccine at school-located clinics for grades kindergarten through 8. Most (90%) public and private schools participated, and 622 clinics were conducted at 340 schools. Of 132,775 children 5-13 years of age, 60,760 (46%) were vaccinated. The proportion vaccinated peaked at 54% for those 6 years of age and declined for older cohorts. More than 90% of schoolchildren transited the clinic in <10 minutes. A total of 16,920 staff-hours were expended; estimated cost per dose administered was $27 and included vaccine purchase and administration, health staffing resources, printing costs, data management, and promotion. This program demonstrates the feasibility of conducting mass school-located influenza vaccination programs in public and private schools statewide, as might be indicated to respond to pandemic influenza.

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