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J Hum Genet. 2010 Mar;55(3):186-8. doi: 10.1038/jhg.2010.2. Epub 2010 Jan 29.

A novel neuropsychiatric phenotype of KCNJ2 mutation in one Taiwanese family with Andersen-Tawil syndrome.

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Department of Neurology, En Chu Kong Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.


Andersen-Tawil syndrome (ATS) is a rare familial potassium channelopathy characterized by the clinical triad of periodic paralysis, cardiac arrhythmia and dysmorphic facial/skeletal features. The majority of ATS patients are caused by mutations of the KCNJ2 gene, which encodes the inward-rectifying potassium channel protein Kir2.1. However, the effects of the KCNJ2 mutation on the central nervous system are rarely studied. In this report, we describe a heterozygous missense mutation (p.Thr192Ile) in the KCNJ2 gene, which segregates with the disease phenotype in an ATS family. It is noted that in addition to the classical clinical phenotypes of ATS, the index patient exhibited major depression and pyramidal tract signs with diffuse periventricular white matter lesions without contrast enhancement. This mutation and the unusual clinical manifestations observed underscore the phenotypic complexity underlying ATS. Our observations expand the current knowledge of the phenotypic variability of ATS caused by the KCNJ2 mutation. Patients with ATS, especially those carrying the KCNJ2 mutations, should be monitored for their potential neuropsychiatric system involvement.

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