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J Vasc Res. 2010;47(5):369-83. doi: 10.1159/000277724. Epub 2010 Jan 27.

Vascular cell-like potential of undifferentiated ligament fibroblasts to construct vascular cell-specific marker-positive blood vessel structures in a PI3K activation-dependent manner.

Author information

1
Department of Oral Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Division of Oral Health Science, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University, West, Sapporo, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate whether fibroblasts derived from periodontal ligament retain the ability to differentiate into putative vascular cells and construct vascular cell-specific marker-positive blood vessel structures. We also evaluated the morphological features of the structure and investigated the intracellular molecular mechanism underlying the angiogenic activity of these cells.

METHODS:

Single cell-derived cultures (SCDCs) were established from primary rat ligament fibroblast cultures, and their expression of ligament cell-, mesenchymal stem cell- and vascular cell-specific markers was evaluated by RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry. The ability of the cells to construct a blood vessel structure was evaluated in a three-dimensional type I collagen scaffold. The morphological and immunohistological characteristics of the structure were then evaluated.

RESULTS:

Each SCDC expressed endothelial cell (EC)-specific and smooth muscle cell-specific markers, in addition to mesenchymal stem cell- and ligament cell-specific markers. SCDC2 cells, which abundantly expressed the EC markers Flk-1 and Tie-2, vigorously constructed a blood vessel structure in a phosphoinositide 3-kinase activation-dependent manner.

CONCLUSION:

Periodontal ligament fibroblasts have the potential to construct an EC marker-positive blood vessel-like structure. Consequently, the fibroblastic lineage in ligament tissue could be a candidate precursor for construction of a vascular system around damaged ligament tissue to facilitate its regeneration.

PMID:
20110728
DOI:
10.1159/000277724
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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