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J Rheumatol. 2010 Mar;37(3):550-7. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.090818. Epub 2010 Jan 28.

Equivalent responses to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs initiated at any time during the first 15 months after symptom onset in patients with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis.

Author information

1
Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, California, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate responses by time to initiation of nonbiologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) in a DMARD-naive cohort of patients with early seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

METHODS:

Subjects were categorized by the time from symptom onset to the first DMARD use (median 5.7 months, range 0.6-15.9). Subjects who started their first DMARD within 5 months of symptom onset were compared to subjects who started after 5 months. Disease Activity Scores (DAS-44) and total Sharp Score (TSS) progression rates were analyzed using Wilcoxon rank-sum and chi-square tests; multiple linear regression analysis adjusted for potential covariates. The slope of the least-squares regression line was calculated to estimate the annualized TSS progression rates.

RESULTS:

Of 233 RA patients, 76% were female and mean age was 50 (SD 13) years. At DMARD start, DAS-44 was similar in all subsets within the 0.6 to 15 months' duration between symptom onset and DMARD initiation. Erosion scores tended to be higher in those who started DMARD later, but Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) scores were higher in those who started DMARD earlier. During the 2 years after DMARD initiation, improvements in HAQ-DI and DAS-44 were similar in the various duration subsets, with about 25% ever achieving DAS remission (DAS < 1.6). Radiographic progression tended to be numerically but not statistically more rapid in the earlier subsets.

CONCLUSION:

Following initiation of nonbiologic DMARD therapy at various times within 15 months of symptom onset, improvements of DAS-44, HAQ-DI, remission rate, and radiographic progression rate were similar, although higher baseline erosion scores were present in those with later initiation of DMARD.

PMID:
20110517
PMCID:
PMC3413376
DOI:
10.3899/jrheum.090818
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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