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Urology. 2010 Jun;75(6):1269-74. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2009.11.020. Epub 2010 Jan 29.

Robot-assisted pelvic lymphadenectomy for bladder cancer--where have we reached by 2009.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Wake Forest University Medical School and Baptist Medical Center, Medical Centre Boulevard, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA.



To review the current status and role of robot-assisted laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy. To review the need, extent, lymph node yield, oncological feasibility, and outcome of robot-assisted pelvic lymphadenectomy for invasive bladder cancer in patients undergoing a robot-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy.


The National Library of Medicine and the Pub Med were extensively searched for the cases of robot-assisted laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy performed in conjunction with robot-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy for bladder cancer using the following keywords: bladder cancer, pelvic lymphadenectomy, cystectomy, laparoscopy, robot, and robot-assisted radical cystectomy. These were reviewed and analyzed (using certain tabulated parameters) to determine the current status of robot-assisted pelvic lymphadenectomy.


The search yielded about 12 major published series (278 cases) of "robot-assisted radical cystectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy," with an overall acceptable mean operating time(s), complication rate, blood loss, and hospital stay.


Robot-assisted laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy in conjunction with robot-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy is an oncologically feasible and technically safe procedure with acceptable early operative outcomes that appear to be comparable to those achieved with open/laparoscopic surgery.

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