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Virus Res. 2010 Apr;149(1):95-103. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2010.01.009. Epub 2010 Jan 28.

Characterization of the nuclear import and export mechanisms of bovine herpesvirus-1 infected cell protein 27.

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State Key Laboratory of Virology, Molecular Virology and Viral Immunology Research Group, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei 430071, PR China.


In previous study, we have identified a nuclear localization signal (NLS) and a nucleolar localization signal (NoLS) in bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) infected cell protein 27 (BICP27), which targets predominantly to the nucleolus. Furthermore, the C-terminal 300 amino acid residues targets exclusively to the cytoplasm, suggesting that BICP27 might contain a nuclear export signal (NES). Amino acid sequence analysis revealed that there is a cluster of leucine-rich residues resembling a NES. Heterokaryon assays demonstrated that BICP27 is capable of shuttling between the nucleus and the cytoplasm of the BHV-1 infected, BICP27 and BICP27-EYFP transfected cells. Deletion mutant analysis revealed that this property is attributed to the leucine-rich NES 299LEELCAARRLSL310. Moreover, the functional NES could mediate transport of a monomer EYFP and a dimer EYFP to the cytoplasm. The nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of BICP27 and the nuclear export of NES-EYFP and NES-dEYFP could be blocked by leptomycin LMB, an inhibitor of the chromosomal region maintenance 1 (CRM1), which is the receptor for exportin-1-dependent nuclear export. In addition, the nuclear import of BICP27 was inhibited by a dominant negative Ran-GTP, namely Ran-GTP Q69L, indicating that BICP27 localized to the nucleus by means of a classic Ran dependent nuclear import mechanism. In conclusion, these results demonstrate that BICP27 shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm by the functional NES and NLS through a CRM1-dependent nuclear export pathway and a Ran dependent nuclear import pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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