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Chem Biol Interact. 2010 Mar 19;184(1-2):273-8. doi: 10.1016/j.cbi.2010.01.031. Epub 2010 Jan 28.

The vanishing zero revisited: thresholds in the age of genomics.

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1
Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA. zarbl@eohsi.rutgers.edu

Abstract

The concept of the vanishing zero, which was first discussed 50 years ago in relation to pesticide residues in foods and food crops, focused on the unintended regulatory consequences created by ever-increasing sensitivity and selectivity of analytical methods, in conjunction with the ambiguous wording of legislation meant to protect public health. In the interim, the ability to detect xenobiotics in most substrates has increased from tens of parts per million to parts per trillion or less, challenging our ability to interpret the biological significance of exposures at the lowest detectable levels. As a result the focus of risk assessment, especially for potential carcinogens, has shifted from defining an acceptable level, to extrapolating from the best available analytical results. Analysis of gene expression profiles in exposed target cells using genomic technologies can identify biological pathways induced or repressed by the exposure as a function of dose and time. This treatise explores how toxicogenomic responses at low doses may inform risk assessment and risk management by defining thresholds for cellular responses linked to modes or mechanisms of toxicity at the molecular level.

PMID:
20109442
PMCID:
PMC4034261
DOI:
10.1016/j.cbi.2010.01.031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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