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J Mol Biol. 1991 Mar 20;218(2):349-64.

DNA sequence of the filamentous bacteriophage Pf1.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.


The genome of the class II filamentous bacteriophage Pf1 has been sequenced by a combination of the chain termination and chemical degradation methods. It consists of 7349 nucleotides in a closed, circular loop of single-stranded DNA. The size and position of its open reading frames (ORFs) in general resemble those of other filamentous bacteriophage genomes. The size and position of the spaces between the ORFs have not been conserved, however, and six short reading frames (2 of which overlap) occupy a region corresponding to that filled by genes 2 and 10 in the Ff genome. Most of the ORFs are preceded by sequences resembling ribosome binding sites from the phage's host. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, that appear to differ somewhat from their counterparts in Escherichia coli. A search for sequences related to known pseudomonad promoters suggests that the promoters in this bacteriophage may well be ntr-dependent, with the two strongest preceding the gene for the major coat protein (gene 8) and another ORF (430). Gene 8 is followed by a sequence with the properties of a rho-independent terminator of transcription, like that at the same position in the genome of Ff. The Pf1 genome contains no collection of potential stem-and-loop structures corresponding to those that initiate replication of Ff DNA and assembly of the Ff virion, although isolated structures of this kind are present. The available evidence suggests that at least 13 of the 14 major ORFs are expressed. Overall, the organization of the Pf1 genome differs from that of the other class II filamentous phage whose genome has been sequenced, Pf3, as much as it does from that of the class I phages Ff and IKe.

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