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BMC Syst Biol. 2010 Jan 26;4:5. doi: 10.1186/1752-0509-4-5.

Blood flow controls coagulation onset via the positive feedback of factor VII activation by factor Xa.

Author information

1
National Research Center for Hematology, 4a Novyi Zykovskii pr, Moscow 125167, Russia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Blood coagulation is a complex network of biochemical reactions, which is peculiar in that it is time- and space-dependent, and has to function in the presence of rapid flow. Recent experimental reports suggest that flow plays a significant role in its regulation. The objective of this study was to use systems biology techniques to investigate this regulation and to identify mechanisms creating a flow-dependent switch in the coagulation onset.

RESULTS:

Using a detailed mechanism-driven model of tissue factor (TF)-initiated thrombus formation in a two-dimensional channel we demonstrate that blood flow can regulate clotting onset in the model in a threshold-like manner, in agreement with existing experimental evidence. Sensitivity analysis reveals that this is achieved due to a combination of the positive feedback of TF-bound factor VII activation by activated factor X (Xa) and effective removal of factor Xa by flow from the activating patch depriving the feedback of "ignition". The level of this trigger (i.e. coagulation sensitivity to flow) is controlled by the activity of tissue factor pathway inhibitor.

CONCLUSIONS:

This mechanism explains the difference between red and white thrombi observed in vivo at different shear rates. It can be speculated that this is a special switch protecting vascular system from uncontrolled formation and spreading of active coagulation factors in vessels with rapidly flowing blood.

PMID:
20102623
PMCID:
PMC2823678
DOI:
10.1186/1752-0509-4-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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