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Hepatology. 1991 Apr;13(4):758-65.

Acetaldehyde increases procollagen type I and fibronectin gene transcription in cultured rat fat-storing cells through a protein synthesis-dependent mechanism.

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1
Alcohol Research and Treatment Center, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Bronx, New York 10468.

Abstract

We previously reported that acetaldehyde increases the production of type I collagen in cultured rat fat-storing cells. We studied the regulation of this effect by determining the expression of procollagen type I, fibronectin and transforming growth factor-beta 1 messenger RNAs in passage 1 and 2 cultures of fat-storing cells exposed to acetaldehyde for up to 24 hr. By 6 hr, acetaldehyde increased the steady-state levels of alpha 1 procollagen type I messenger RNA 3.2-fold and of fibronectin messenger RNA 2.8-fold above control values. At 24 hr, messenger RNA levels remained elevated. In contrast, transforming growth factor-beta 1 messenger RNA steady-state levels remained unaltered by 6 hr, but increased 1.5-fold by 24 hr. Cycloheximide (0.3 mmol/L) completely inhibited the acetaldehyde effect when added at zero time but was less effective when added at 15 min. The effect of acetaldehyde was not modified when cells were cultured in the presence of the acetaldehyde dehydrogenase inhibitor cyanamide (100 mumol/L). Fat-storing cells were also cultured in the presence of lactate (5, 15 and 25 mmol/L) for 6 hr. At none of these concentrations was any effect seen on either alpha 1(I) procollagen or fibronectin messenger RNAs. In the presence of methylene blue, a scavenger of reducing equivalents, the effect of acetaldehyde on alpha 1(I) procollagen and fibronectin gene expression was totally inhibited. Transcription run-on assay showed that acetaldehyde increased both procollagen type I and fibronectin transcriptional activity threefold and 2.5-fold, respectively. We conclude that acetaldehyde increases alpha 1(I) procollagen and fibronectin gene expression through enhanced transcription by a mechanism dependent on newly synthesized proteins.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
2010171
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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