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Am J Med Genet A. 2010 Feb;152A(2):453-8. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.33227.

Delineation of a 1.65 Mb critical region for hemihyperplasia and digital anomalies on Xq25.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.


Duplications involving portions of the long arm of the X-chromosome can be associated with mental retardation, short stature, microcephaly, panhypopituitarism, and a wide range of physical findings. Less common are duplications in distal Xq associated with hemihyperplasia and digital anomalies. We report on a 4-year-old female with hemihyperplasia, syndactyly of fingers and toes, bilateral 5th finger clinodactyly, short stature, developmental delay, and microcephaly associated with an 11.2 Mb duplication of Xq25-Xq27.1. The boundaries of this duplication were mapped using high resolution array comparative genome hybridization and follow-up studies revealed that the same duplication was carried by the patient's mother who has short stature and cognitive disabilities. Using the duplication boundaries from this case, and data from previously published reports, we have delineated a 1.65 Mb critical region for hemihyperplasia and digital anomalies on chromosome Xq25. Based on these findings physicians should consider obtaining array comparative genome hybridization studies on individuals with hemihyperplasia especially when accompanied by digital findings since identification of an Xq25 duplication can dramatically change recurrence risk estimations and may also provide insight into the possible comorbidities.

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