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Can J Cardiol. 2010 Jan;26(1):e7-12.

ST segment resolution in patients with tenecteplase-facilitated percutaneous coronary intervention versus tenecteplase alone: Insights from the Combined Angioplasty and Pharmacological Intervention versus Thrombolysis ALone in Acute Myocardial Infarction (CAPITAL AMI) trial.

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1
University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Canada. dso@ottawaheart.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Compared with fibrinolysis alone, fibrinolysis followed by immediate percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduced clinical events in the Combined Angioplasty and Pharmacological Intervention versus Thrombolysis ALone in Acute Myocardial Infarction (CAPITAL AMI) study. It is unclear whether the benefits go beyond achieving epicardial reperfusion.

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the differences in ST segment resolution (STR) among patients treated with tenecteplase (TNK)-facilitated PCI compared with patients treated with TNK alone.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

A formal ST segment analysis was conducted on the 170 patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction in the CAPITAL AMI trial: 86 patients treated with TNK-facilitated PCI were compared with 84 patients who were treated with TNK alone. Epicardial flow measured by percentage with Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 3 flow improved from 52% (pre-PCI) to 89% (post-PCI) in those assigned to facilitated PCI. ST segment resolution was stratified by complete (70% or greater), partial (less than 70% to 30%) or no (less than 30% to 0%) resolution. The baseline mean ST segment elevation was 11.3+/-7.5 mm in the facilitated PCI patients and 11.8+/-7.1 mm in patients with TNK alone (P=0.66). Complete STR in the facilitated PCI patients versus the TNK-alone patients was present in 55.6% versus 54.6%, respectively (P=0.58) at 180 min and 62.0% versus 55.3% (P=0.64), respectively at day 1. The mean STR at 180 min and day 1 were similar in patients who experienced death, reinfarction, recurrent unstable ischemia or stroke at six months compared with patients who remained event free: 56.3% versus 64.6% at 180 min (P=0.40); and 67.7% versus 67.6% at day 1 (P=0.99), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

TNK-facilitated PCI did not demonstrate differences in ST segment resolution compared with TNK alone, despite improvement in epicardial flow after PCI. Further studies are required to clarify these findings.

PMID:
20101370
PMCID:
PMC2827226
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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