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J Med Phys. 2009 Apr;34(2):73-9. doi: 10.4103/0971-6203.51933.

Initial dosimetric experience with mega voltage computed tomography detectors and estimation of pre and post-repair dosimetric parameters of a first Helical Hi-Art II tomotherapy machine in India.

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1
Department of Medical Physics, Tata Memorial Centre, Parel, Mumbai 400012, India.

Abstract

A Helical Tomotherapy (HT) Hi-Art II (TomoTherapy, Inc., Madison, WI, USA) has been one of the important innovations to help deliver IMRT with image guidance. On-board, mega voltage computed tomography (MVCT) detectors are used for imaging and dosimetric purpose. The two objectives of this study are: (i) To estimate the dosimetric and general capability (TomoImage registration, reconstruction, contrast and spatial resolution, artifacts-free image and dose in TomoImage) of on-board MVCT detectors. (ii) To measure the dosimetric parameters (output and energy) following major repair. The MVCT detectors also estimated the rotational output constancy well. During this study, dosimetric tests were repeated after replacing MVCT detectors and the target. fixed-gantry/fixed-couch measurements were measured daily to investigate; the system stability. Thermoluminescense dosimeter (TLD) was used during both the measurements subsequently. The MVCT image quality with old and new detectors was comparable and hence acceptable clinically. The spatial resolution was optimal and the dose during TomoImage was 2 cGy (well within the manufacturer tolerance of 4 cGy). The results of lateral beam profiles showed an excellent agreement between the two normalized plots. The output from the rotational procedure revealed 99.7% while the energy was consistent over a period of twelve months. The Hi-Art II system has maintained its calibration to within +/- 2% and energy to within +/- 1.5% over the initial twelve-month period. Based on the periodic measurements for rotational output and consistency in the lateral beam profile shape, the on-board detector proved to be a viable dosimetric quality assurance tool for IMRT with Tomotherapy. Tomotherapy was stable from the dosimetric point of view during the twelve-month period.

KEYWORDS:

Dosimetric stability; Tomotherapy; mega voltage computed tomography detector

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