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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2010 Feb 15;20(4):1324-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.01.014. Epub 2010 Jan 11.

Celecoxib analogs possessing a N-(4-nitrooxybutyl)piperidin-4-yl or N-(4-nitrooxybutyl)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridin-4-yl nitric oxide donor moiety: synthesis, biological evaluation and nitric oxide release studies.

Author information

1
Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta, Canada T6G 2N8.

Abstract

A new group of hybrid nitric oxide (NO) releasing anti-inflammatory (AI) coxib prodrugs (NO-coxibs) wherein the para-tolyl moiety present in celecoxib was replaced by a N-(4-nitrooxybutyl)piperidyl 15a-b, or N-(4-nitrooxybutyl)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridyl 17a-b, NO-donor moiety was synthesized. All compounds released a low amount of NO upon incubation with phosphate buffered saline (PBS) at pH 7.4 (2.4-5.8% range). In comparison, the percentage NO released was higher (3.1-8.4% range) when these nitrate prodrugs were incubated in the presence of L-cysteine. In vitro COX-1/COX-2 isozyme inhibition studies showed this group of compounds are moderately more potent, and hence selective, inhibitors of the COX-2 relative to the COX-1 enzyme. AI structure-activity relationship data acquired showed that compounds having a MeSO2 COX-2 pharmacophore exhibited superior AI activity compared to analogs having a H2NSO2 substituent. Compounds having a MeSO2 COX-2 pharmacophore in conjunction with a N-(4-nitrooxybutyl)piperidyl (ED50=132.4 mg/kg po), or a N-(4-nitrooxybutyl)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridyl (ED50=118.4 mg/kg po), moiety exhibited an AI potency profile that is similar to aspirin (ED50=128.7 mg/kg po) but lower than ibuprofen (ED50=67.4 mg/kg po).

PMID:
20097072
DOI:
10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.01.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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