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J Autism Dev Disord. 2010 Aug;40(8):930-6. doi: 10.1007/s10803-010-0935-9.

Autism spectrum disorders in gender dysphoric children and adolescents.

Author information

1
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. alc.devries@vumc.nl

Abstract

Only case reports have described the co-occurrence of gender identity disorder (GID) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This study examined this co-occurrence using a systematic approach. Children and adolescents (115 boys and 89 girls, mean age 10.8, SD = 3.58) referred to a gender identity clinic received a standardized assessment during which a GID diagnosis was made and ASD suspected cases were identified. The Dutch version of the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders (10th rev., DISCO-10) was administered to ascertain ASD classifications. The incidence of ASD in this sample of children and adolescents was 7.8% (n = 16). Clinicians should be aware of co-occurring ASD and GID and the challenges it generates in clinical management.

PMID:
20094764
PMCID:
PMC2904453
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-010-0935-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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