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J Vet Diagn Invest. 2010 Jan;22(1):61-6.

Evaluation of two commercial loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays for detection of avian influenza H5 and H7 hemagglutinin genes.

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O.I.E. and National Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza Virus, Institute for Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Südufer 10, D-17493 Greifswald, Germany.


Real-time reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (real-time RT-LAMP) holds substantial potential as a highly sensitive, specific, and easy-to-perform molecular technique for pathogen detection in clinical samples. In the current study, the analytical and diagnostic performance of 2 commercial real-time RT-LAMP kits, Avian Flu H5 and Avian Flu H7, in detecting Avian influenza virus (AIV) infections were evaluated and compared with validated real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays using RNA from reference virus isolates of subtypes H5 (n = 24) and H7 (n = 25) and of phylogenetically related subtypes (n = 20). When real-time RT-LAMP was carried out according to the recommendations of the manufacturer, 3 out of 24 H5 isolates and 8 out of 25 H7 reference strains were not detected. Prolonging the amplification phase resulted in detection of all H5 isolates but also in false positive detection of 2 non-H5 isolates. Real-time RT-LAMP specific to H7 failed to detect 2 H7 isolates after prolonged amplification. According to the examination of RNA log dilutions, the sensitivity of the real-time RT-LAMP assays, for a number of historic but also recent strains, was considerably lower compared with subtype-specific real-time RT-PCR assays. Application of the real-time RT-LAMP assays for analysis of diagnostic samples from wild birds confirmed their lower sensitivity. Commercial real-time RT-LAMP as tested in this study with a broad range of AIV H5 and H7 strains of phylogenetically diverse yet recent origin, holds some promise for routine veterinary diagnostic purposes, although real-time RT-LAMP was markedly more vulnerable to a reduction of detection limits because of strain-specific sequence variation than subtype-specific real-time RT-PCR.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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