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Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Jan 20;(1):CD006765. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006765.pub2.

Chuanxiong preparations for preventing stroke.

Author information

1
West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37, Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, Sichuan, China, 610041.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Stroke is a major healthcare problem and is one of the leading causes of death and serious long-term disability. Prevention of stroke is considered an important strategy. Chuanxiong is traditionally used in China in the treatment and prevention of stroke. In recent years, Chinese researchers have developed new patented Chuanxiong preparations.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the effects and safety of Chuanxiong preparations in preventing stroke in high-risk adults.

SEARCH STRATEGY:

We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (2008, Issue 1), MEDLINE (1950 to March 2008), EMBASE (1980 to March 2008), AMED (1985 to March 2008), Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM) (1975 to March 2008), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) (1994 to March 2008), and the VIP Database (1989 to March 2008). Trials registers were searched for ongoing studies. No language restrictions were applied.

SELECTION CRITERIA:

Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) studying the effects of Chuanxiong preparations in preventing stroke were included.

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:

Three reviewers independently selected studies for inclusion and two reviewers independently extracted data. Authors of identified RCTs were telephoned to confirm the randomisation procedure. Outcomes assessed included: stroke, composite cardiovascular outcomes, changes in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular haemodynamic indices and adverse events. Peto odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for dichotomous variables and mean differences for continuous outcomes.

MAIN RESULTS:

Three RCTs (5042 participants) were included. One higher quality study (4415 participants) compared Nao-an capsule with aspirin for primary prevention in high-risk stroke populations. Nao-an capsule appeared to reduce the incidence of stroke compared with aspirin (OR 0.56 95% CI 0.33 to 0.96). One study of low methodological quality indicated that a self-prepared Xifenwan tablet reduced the incidence of stroke in people with transient ischaemia attack (TIA) (OR 0.18, 95% CI 0.04 to 0.78). The remaining low quality study indicated that "apoplexy 2 preventing dry ointment powder" appeared to reduce both fatal stroke and incidence of stroke (OR 0.21, 95% CI 0.10 to 0.43, and OR 0.28, 95% CI 0.16 to 0.49, respectively).

AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS:

Nao-an capsule may be a choice for the primary prevention of stroke. However, the design of the study providing this evidence means that there was potential for results to have been affected by bias from the way participants may have been selected, or from investigators' conflicts of interests. There was a lack of description of the methodology in the two other studies therefore evidence from these was considered too weak to draw any firm conclusions. Further high quality research is required.

PMID:
20091603
DOI:
10.1002/14651858.CD006765.pub2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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