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Mol Carcinog. 1991;4(1):25-35.

Transformation of human breast epithelial cells by c-Ha-ras oncogene.

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Michigan Cancer Foundation, Detroit 48201.


To determine whether the c-Ha-ras oncogene plays a role in the initiation of mammary carcinogenesis, an immortalized human breast epithelial cell line, MCF-10A, was transfected with the plasmid vector pHo6T1 containing the T24 Ha-ras oncogene and the aminoglycoside phosphotransferase gene, which confers resistance to geneticin. Transfected cells exhibited an altered pattern of growth and tridimensional morphology in collagen gel. They also exhibited anchorage-independent growth and loss of requirement for hormones and epidermal growth factor; in addition, they expressed invasiveness and increased collagenolytic activity in an in vitro system and became tumorigenic in irradiated nude mice, all properties indicative of malignant transformation. Transformed cells contained the mutated c-Ha-ras oncogene and expressed the p21 mutated protein. These data indicate that the c-Ha-ras oncogene is capable of inducing malignant phenotypes in immortalized human breast epithelial cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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