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PLoS One. 2010 Jan 14;5(1):e8706. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008706.

Human CD4 memory T cells can become CD4+IL-9+ T cells.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Transplant Institute, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

IL-9 is a growth factor for T- and mast-cells that is secreted by human Th2 cells. We recently reported that IL-4+TGF-beta directs mouse CD4(+)CD25(-)CD62L(+) T cells to commit to inflammatory IL-9 producing CD4(+) T cells.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Here we show that human inducible regulatory T cells (iTregs) also express IL-9. IL-4+TGF-beta induced higher levels of IL-9 expression in plate bound-anti-CD3 mAb (pbCD3)/soluble-anti-CD28 mAb (sCD28) activated human resting memory CD4(+)CD25(-)CD45RO(+) T cells as compared to naïve CD4(+)CD25(-)CD45RA(+) T cells. In addition, as compared to pbCD3/sCD28 plus TGF-beta stimulation, IL-4+TGF-beta stimulated memory CD4(+)CD25(-)CD45RO(+) T cells expressed reduced FOXP3 protein. As analyzed by pre-amplification boosted single-cell real-time PCR, human CD4(+)IL-9(+) T cells expressed GATA3 and RORC, but not IL-10, IL-13, IFNgamma or IL-17A/F. Attempts to optimize IL-9 production by pbCD3/sCD28 and IL-4+TGF-beta stimulated resting memory CD4(+) T cells demonstrated that the addition of IL-1beta, IL-12, and IL-21 further enhance IL-9 production.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

Taken together these data show both the differences and similarities between mouse and human CD4(+)IL9(+) T cells and reaffirm the powerful influence of inflammatory cytokines to shape the response of activated CD4(+) T cells to antigen.

PMID:
20090929
PMCID:
PMC2806834
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0008706
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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