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Digestion. 2010;81(3):193-203. doi: 10.1159/000252790. Epub 2010 Jan 19.

Celecoxib inhibits CD133-positive cell migration via reduction of CCR2 in Helicobacter pylori-infected Mongolian gerbils.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.



To see whether celecoxib prevents gastric cancer occurrence by disrupting the progression of chronic gastritis into gastric carcinoma through its inhibition of the migration of CD133-positive cells, one of the surface markers of bone marrow-derived cells, in Helicobacter pylori-infected gerbils.


70 gerbils were divided into six groups. Group 1 gerbils served as control (n = 6). 10 gerbils were given N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU), 30 ppm (group 2). 6 short-term Helicobacter pylori-infected gerbils (group 3) were sacrificed after 8 weeks of H. pylori infection and 6 long-term H. pylori-infected gerbils were sacrificed after 42 weeks of H. pylori infection (group 4). 20 gerbils were given MNU pretreatment and long-term H. pylori infection (group 5). In addition, after H. pylori inoculation, 22 gerbils also received a celecoxib in their diet (group 6). CD133 and CCR2 expression in gastric tissues was evaluated by Western blot analysis and immunostaining.


CD133-positive cells were mainly localized in the bottom of the gastric epithelial cells. CD133-positive cells also migrated into gastric cancer tissues in this model. CD133-positive cells in MNU-pretreated H. pylori-infected gerbils were significantly increased compared to those in H. pylori short-term infected gerbils. Celecoxib treatment significantly reduced CD133-positive cell migration and CCR2 expression levels. CD133- and CCR2-positive cells were colocalized in H. pylori-infected gastritis and gastric cancer tissues. Celecoxib treatment significantly reduced the number of CD133- and CCR2-positive cells.


Celecoxib inhibits CD133-positive cell migration via the reduction of CCR2 in this model. Further studies are needed to clarify the precise mechanisms driving H. pylori infection-induced CD133-positive cell migration and its link to the progression of chronic gastritis into gastric cancer.

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