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Mol Biol Cell. 2010 Mar 15;21(6):914-25. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E09-10-0901. Epub 2010 Jan 20.

Requirements and reasons for effective inhibition of the anaphase promoting complex activator CDH1.

Author information

1
The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA.

Abstract

Anaphase promoting complex (APC)-Cdh1 targets multiple mitotic proteins for degradation upon exit from mitosis into G1; inhibitory phosphorylation of Cdh1 by cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) and Polo kinase has been proposed to prevent the premature degradation of substrates in the ensuing cell cycle. Here, we demonstrate essentiality of CDK phosphorylation of Cdh1 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by exact endogenous gene replacement of CDH1 with CDK-unphosphorylatable CDH1-m11; in contrast, neither Cdh1 polo kinase sites nor polo interaction motifs are required. CDH1-m11 cells arrest in the first cycle with replicated DNA and sustained polarized growth; most cells have monopolar spindles. Blocking proteolysis of the Cin8 kinesin in CDH1-m11 cells does not promote spindle pole body (SPB) separation. In contrast, expression of undegradable mitotic cyclin results in both SPB separation and the restoration of isotropic growth. A minority of CDH1-m11 cells arrest with short bipolar spindles that fail to progress to anaphase; this can be accounted for by a failure to accumulate Cdc20 and consequent failure to cleave cohesin. Bipolar spindle assembly in CDH1-m11 cells is strikingly sensitive to gene dosage of the stoichiometric Cdh1 inhibitor ACM1. Thus, different spindle-regulatory pathways have distinct sensitivities to Cdh1, and ACM1 may buffer essential CDK phosphorylation of Cdh1.

PMID:
20089834
PMCID:
PMC2836972
DOI:
10.1091/mbc.e09-10-0901
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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