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Eur J Haematol. 2010 Jun;84(6):538-46. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0609.2010.01419.x. Epub 2010 Jan 5.

Effective ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem cells using osteoblast-differentiated mesenchymal stem cells is CXCL12 dependent.

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  • 1Central of Clinical Laboratory, Shimane University Hospital, Izumo, Japan.


Effective ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) is a prerequisite for HSC transplantation. Growth and maintenance of HSC is dependent on cytokine and niche factors. We investigated whether mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) or osteogenic cytokine-differentiated MSCs play a role in HSC expansion. We used the human HM3.B10 (B10) MSC cell line and the osteoblast-differentiated B10 (Ost-B10) as a feeder layer and examined ex vivo expansion of CD34(+)CD38(-) HSCs obtained from peripheral blood (PB) and cord blood (CB) with or without several growth cytokines. Both undifferentiated B10 and Ost-B10 cells exhibited similar effects on total HSC expansion; however, Ost-B10 demonstrated a higher potency in CD34(+)CD38(-) cell-specific proliferation in the presence of cytokines compared to undifferentiated B10 HSCs. Colony-forming cell assay and long-term culture initiating cell assay revealed that Ost-B10 displayed multipotent differentiation and enabled long-term ex vivo culture of HSCs. We next examined the relationship between HSC expansion and the presence of various chemokines. CXCL4 and CXCL12 expression were increased in Ost-B10 cells compared with the B10 cells. CD34(+)CD38(-) cells were significantly increased with CXCL12, but not CXCL4 treatment. siRNA inhibition of CXCL12 decreased CXCL12 secretion in both B10 and Ost-B10, whereas expansion of CD34(+)CD38(-) cells was decreased in Ost-B10 alone. These results demonstrated that ex vivo expansion of HSCs may be highly effective through osteoblast-differentiated MSCs acting as a feeder layer, and likely operates through the CXCL12 chemokines signaling pathway.

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