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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2010 May 5;319(1-2):143-6. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2010.01.018. Epub 2010 Jan 18.

Leptin: clue to poor appetite in oxygen-starved fish.

Author information

1
Department of Biology and Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Hypoxia is the most widespread deleterious consequence of eutrophication and has become a major cause of fishery decline. One feature of chronic exposure to hypoxia in fish is inhibition of feeding. In this study, we investigated if the gene that encodes the appetite-suppressing hormone leptin is regulated by hypoxia in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Exposure of adult zebrafish to hypoxic conditions (1+/-0.2 mg O(2) L(-1)) for 4 and 10 days significantly increased leptin-a (zlep-a) mRNA levels in the liver. To evaluate the role of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) in regulating zlep-a expression, zebrafish embryos were exposed to cobalt chloride (CoCl(2), a HIF-1 inducer) and overexpressed with HIF-1alpha mRNA. Both CoCl(2) treatment and HIF-1alpha overexpression markedly increased zlep-a expression in developing embryos, indicating the possible involvement of HIF-1 in zlep-a regulation. In vivo promoter analysis indicated that zlep-a promoter activity is found in the muscle fibers of zebrafish embryos and enhanced by CoCl(2). This is the first report to show that leptin gene expression in fish is regulated by hypoxia possibly via the involvement of HIF-1.

PMID:
20085798
DOI:
10.1016/j.mce.2010.01.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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