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Nat Rev Urol. 2010 Feb;7(2):94-100. doi: 10.1038/nrurol.2009.263. Epub 2010 Jan 19.

Testicular germline stem cells.

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Center for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research and Education, Institute for Stem Cell Biology & Regenerative Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94305, USA.


Stem cells have the ability to both differentiate into other mature cell types and maintain an undifferentiated state by self-renewal. These unique properties form the basis for stem cell use in organ replacement and tissue regeneration in clinical medicine. Currently, embryonic stem cells are the best-studied stem cell type. However alternative stem cells such as induced pluripotent stem cells and other adult stem cells are also being actively investigated for their potential for cell-based therapy. Among adult stem cells, emerging research has focused on evaluating the pluripotency potential of testis stem cells. To date, stem cells with embryonic-like potential have been created from adult testis germ cells. These cells could provide patient-specific, non-embryo-derived stem cells for men in the future.

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