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J Immunol. 2010 Feb 15;184(4):2107-15. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.0901208. Epub 2010 Jan 18.

A CD1d-dependent antagonist inhibits the activation of invariant NKT cells and prevents development of allergen-induced airway hyperreactivity.

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1
Division of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA.

Abstract

The prevalence of asthma continues to increase in westernized countries, and optimal treatment remains a significant therapeutic challenge. Recently, CD1d-restricted invariant NKT (iNKT) cells were found to play a critical role in the induction of airway hyperreactivity (AHR) in animal models and are associated with asthma in humans. To test whether iNKT cell-targeted therapy could be used to treat allergen-induced airway disease, mice were sensitized with OVA and treated with di-palmitoyl-phosphatidyl-ethanolamine polyethylene glycol (DPPE-PEG), a CD1d-binding lipid antagonist. A single dose of DPPE-PEG prevented the development of AHR and pulmonary infiltration of lymphocytes upon OVA challenge, but had no effect on the development of OVA-specific Th2 responses. In addition, DPPE-PEG completely prevented the development of AHR after administration of alpha-galactosylceramide (alpha-GalCer) intranasally. Furthermore, we demonstrate that DPPE-PEG acts as antagonist to alpha-GalCer and competes with alpha-GalCer for binding to CD1d. Finally, we show that DPPE-PEG completely inhibits the alpha-GalCer-induced phosphorylation of ERK tyrosine kinase in iNKT cells, suggesting that DPPE-PEG specifically blocks TCR signaling and thus activation of iNKT cells. Because iNKT cells play a critical role in the development of AHR, the inhibition of iNKT activation by DPPE-PEG suggests a novel approach to treat iNKT cell-mediated diseases such as asthma.

PMID:
20083656
PMCID:
PMC2845715
DOI:
10.4049/jimmunol.0901208
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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