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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2010 May-Jun;42(3):144-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2008.12.004. Epub 2010 Jan 18.

Food consumption patterns of Nigerian adolescents and effect on body weight.

Author information

1
Department of Family, Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria. tunrayomakaiye@yahoo.co.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Association between nutritional status of adolescents and food consumption pattern.

DESIGN:

Data on number of meals and snacks consumed daily were collected using structured questionnaires. Nutritional status was assessed as weight-for-age body mass index score less than fifth percentile of the National Center for Health Statistics/World Health Organization International Growth Reference.

SETTING:

Cross-sectional studies of adolescents using multistage random sampling procedure.

PARTICIPANTS:

401 adolescents from 32 secondary schools in Osun State, Nigeria.

ANALYSIS:

Frequency counts, percentages, and cross-tabulation analysis were used to analyze data, analysis of variance was used to test the differences, as well as chi-square analysis. Level of significance was taken at .05 and .01 levels.

RESULTS:

66.1% of adolescents ate 3 meals daily; this percentage was higher among rural (75.4%) than urban (61.4%) children (P < .001). About 33.0% consumed snacks daily but to a varying degree, which was higher among urban than rural adolescents (P = .002). Prevalence of underweight was 20.1%, more common in rural (22.1%) than urban adolescents (18.7%). Underweight prevalence was highest among those who ate 3 meals and no snacks daily (28.6%) and least among those who ate 3 meals and snacks twice daily (15.9%).

CONCLUSION:

Snacks are important in food consumption among adolescents; when snacks are consumed in addition to 3 meals, they will improve the nutritional status of adolescents.

PMID:
20083439
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneb.2008.12.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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