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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2010 Apr;48(4):645-8. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2010.01.007. Epub 2010 Jan 18.

cAMP-independent activation of protein kinase A by the peroxynitrite generator SIN-1 elicits positive inotropic effects in cardiomyocytes.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University, 304 Hamilton Hall, 1645 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.

Abstract

The phosphatase vs. kinase equilibrium plays a critical role in the regulation of myocardial contractility. Previous studies have demonstrated that peroxynitrite exerts a biphasic effect on cardiomyocyte contraction, such that high peroxynitrite reduced beta-adrenergic-stimulated myocyte contraction by inducing the dephosphorylation of phospholamban (PLB) via phosphatase activation. Conversely, low peroxynitrite increased basal and beta-adrenergic-stimulated contraction also through a PLB-dependent mechanism. However, previous studies have not elucidated the mechanism underlying the positive effects of low peroxynitrite on myocyte contraction. In the current study, we examined the phosphatase vs. kinase equilibrium as a potential mechanism underlying the positive effects of peroxynitrite. SIN-1 (peroxynitrite donor, 10 mumol/L) increased myocyte Ca(2+) transient and shortening amplitude, accelerated myocyte relaxation, and enhanced PLB phosphorylation. Specific inhibition of PP1/PP2a with okadaic acid failed to inhibit this positive effect. However, inhibition of PKA with KT5720 completely abolished the effects of SIN-1 on myocyte contraction. Additionally, SIN-1 induced a significant increase in PKA activity in cardiac homogenates, which was inhibited with FeTPPS (peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst). Surprisingly, SIN-1 also increased activity in purified preparations (i.e., in the absence of cAMP) of PKA. Therefore, our data suggest that peroxynitrite directly activates PKA (independent from cAMP), resulting in the enhancement of myocyte contraction and relaxation through the phosphorylation of PLB.

PMID:
20083118
PMCID:
PMC2837779
DOI:
10.1016/j.yjmcc.2010.01.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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