Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Arch Med Res. 2009 Oct;40(7):536-44. doi: 10.1016/j.arcmed.2009.09.005.

Effect of dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor (Vildagliptin) on peripheral nerves in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, South Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

The aim of this study was to investigate the GLP-1 pathway effect on peripheral nerves using a DPP-IV inhibitor in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats.

METHODS:

Adult male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into four groups and two groups (n=6 in each) were given a DPP-IV inhibitor of 0.3mg/kg/day or 10mg/kg/day dissolved in water. Intraepidermal innervation was quantified as nerve fiber abundance per unit length of epidermis (IENF/mm) following an immunohistochemical procedure using the polyclonal antibody of anti-protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5).

RESULTS:

Daily administration of DPP-IV inhibitor to the experimental diabetes model at doses of 10mg/kg for 32 weeks protected nerve fiber loss compared with untreated rats as follows (IENF/mm): normal (9.89+/-0.34), diabetes mellitus (DM) (8.42+/-0.28), DM with 0.3mg/kg DPP-IV inhibitor (9.88+/-0.38), and DM with 10mg/kg DPP-IV inhibitor (10.36+/-0.32) (p<0.05). There was a significant reduction (% change) in the decrease of intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD) in the DPP-IV inhibitor-treated groups during the experimental period: normal (10.1%), DM (25.8%), DM with 0.3mg/kg DPP-IV inhibitor (13.3%), and DM with 10mg/kg DPP-IV inhibitor (7.9%) (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study suggests that a DPP-IV inhibitor may prevent peripheral nerve degeneration in a diabetes-induced animal model and support the idea that GLP-1 may be useful in peripheral neuropathy.

PMID:
20082866
DOI:
10.1016/j.arcmed.2009.09.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center