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J Med Chem. 2010 Feb 11;53(3):1357-69. doi: 10.1021/jm901672k.

Benzimidazole derivatives as new serotonin 5-HT6 receptor antagonists. Molecular mechanisms of receptor inactivation.

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Departamento de Química Orgánica I, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid, Spain.


On the basis of our previously described pharmacophore model for serotonin 5-HT(6) receptor (5-HT(6)R) antagonists, we have designed, synthesized, and pharmacologically characterized a series of benzimidazole derivatives 1-20 that represent a new family of potent antagonists at the human 5-HT(6)R. Site-directed mutagenesis and a beta(2)-adrenoceptor-based homology model of the 5-HT(6)R were used to predict the mode of binding of antagonist SB-258585 and the new synthesized ligands. Substitution of W6.48, F6.52, or N6.55 by Ala fully impedes compound 4 to block 5-HT-induced activation. Thus, we propose that D3.32 in TM 3 anchors the protonated piperazine ring, the benzimidazole ring expands parallel to EL 2 to hydrogen bond N6.55 in TM 6, and the aromatic ring is placed between TMs 3 and 5 in CH(2)-containing compounds and between TMs 3 and 6 in CO-containing compounds. This combined experimental and computational study has permitted to propose the molecular mechanisms by which the new benzimidazole derivatives act as 5-HT(6)R antagonists.

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