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Cardiovasc Ther. 2010 Spring;28(1):30-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-5922.2009.00108.x.

Cardioprotective effects of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockade with olmesartan on reperfusion injury in a rat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion model.

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The Heart Institute of Good Samaritan Hospital, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.


We determined the effects of olmesartan on infarct size and cardiac function in a rat ischemia/reperfusion model. Rats underwent 30 min of left coronary artery (CA) occlusion followed by 2 h of reperfusion. In protocol 1, the rats received (by i.v.) 1 mL of vehicle at 10 min after CA occlusion (Group 1, n = 15); olmesartan (0.3 mg/kg) at 10 min after CA occlusion (Group 2, n = 15); 1 mL of vehicle at 5 min before CA reperfusion (Group 3, n = 15); or olmesartan (0.3 mg/kg) 5 min before CA reperfusion (Group 4, n = 15). In protocol 2, the rats received (by i.v.) 1 mL of vehicle at 5 min before CA reperfusion (Group 5, n = 21); or olmesartan (3 mg/kg) at 5 min before CA reperfusion (Group 6, n = 21). Systemic hemodynamics, left ventricular (LV) function, LV ischemic risk zone, no-reflow zone, and infarct size were determined. In protocol 1, olmesartan (0.3 mg/kg) did not affect blood pressure (BP), heart rate, LV +/- dp/dt or LV fractional shortening during the experimental procedure, and did not alter no-reflow or infarct size. In protocol 2, olmesartan (3 mg/kg) significantly reduced infarct size to 21.7 +/- 4.1% from 34.3 +/- 4.1% of risk zone in the vehicle group (P= 0.035), but did not alter the no-reflow size. Prior to CA reperfusion, olmesartan (3 mg/kg) significantly reduced mean BP by 22% and LV +/-dp/dt, but did not affect heart rate. At 2 h after reperfusion, olmesartan significantly decreased heart rate by 21%, mean BP by 14%, and significantly increased LV fractional shortening from 54.1 +/- 1.4% to 61.3 +/- 1.6% (P= 0.0018). Olmesartan significantly reduced myocardial infarct size and improved LV contractility at a dose (3 mg/kg) with systemic vasodilating effects but not at a lower dose (0.3 mg/kg) without hemodynamic effects.

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