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Ethn Dis. 2009 Autumn;19(4):425-32.

Adherence to Pap test guidelines: variation among Asians in California.

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Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Pittsburgh, USA.



To compare Pap screening in the previous 3 years among subgroups of Asian American women, aged 18 to 65 years.


Analysis of data from the 2001 and 2003 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS), a cross-sectional population-based telephone survey.


The survey elicited information from major Asian subgroups, including Chinese, Filipina, Japanese, Korean, South Asian, and Vietnamese. Surveys were administered in several languages, including Mandarin, Cantonese, Korean, and Vietnamese. Employing the Andersen behavioral model of health services utilization, this study fits logistic regression models to identify correlates of Pap screening within and across Asian American subgroups. These analyses use time living in the United States and English proficiency as acculturation measures.


There were different independent correlates of Pap test receipt for the six Asian subgroups. English proficiency and income were independently associated with Pap screening among only one subgroup; education, time in the US, and insurance among three; and age and usual source of care among four subgroups. Unmarried women were more likely to report not having a Pap test in the past three years across all six subgroups.


Based on these differences, programs and policies targeting the health of Asian American women should consider tailoring interventions to match the needs of different ethnic groups. Specifically, program materials should strive to be both culturally sensitive and linguistically appropriate for all target populations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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