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Biochemistry. 1991 Mar 19;30(11):2834-9.

Disruption and mutagenesis of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae PDX1 gene encoding the protein X component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex.

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  • 1Clayton Foundation Biochemical Institute, University of Texas, Austin 78712.


Disruption of the PDX1 gene encoding the protein X component of the mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) complex in Saccharomyces cerevisiae did not affect viability of the cells. However, extracts of mitochondria from the mutant, in contrast to extracts of wild-type mitochondria, did not catalyze a CoA- and NAD(+)-linked oxidation of pyruvate. The PDH complex isolated from the mutant cells contained pyruvate dehydrogenase (E1 alpha + E1 beta) and dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase (E2) but lacked protein X and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3). Mutant cells transformed with the gene for protein X on a unit-copy plasmid produced a PDH complex that contained protein X and E3, as well as E1 alpha, E1 beta, and E2, and exhibited overall activity similar to that of the wild-type PDH complex. These observations indicate that protein X is not involved in assembly of the E2 core nor is it an integral part of the E2 core. Rather, protein X apparently plays a structural role in the PDH complex; i.e., it binds and positions E3 to the E2 core, and this specific binding is essential for a functional PDH complex. Additional evidence for this conclusion was obtained with deletion mutations. Deletion of most of the lipoyl domain (residues 6-80) of protein X had little effect on the overall activity of the PDH complex. This observation indicates that the lipoyl domain, and its covalently bound lipoyl moiety, is not essential for protein X function. However, deletion of the putative subunit binding domain (residues approximately 144-180) of protein X resulted in loss of high-affinity binding of E3 and concomitant loss of overall activity of the PDH complex.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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