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Transfusion. 2010 Jun;50(6):1276-84. doi: 10.1111/j.1537-2995.2009.02557.x. Epub 2010 Jan 8.

Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia caused by an antibody specific for a newly identified allele of human platelet antigen-7.

Author information

1
Japanese Red Cross Osaka Blood Center and Yodogawa Christian Hospital, Osaka 536-8505, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT) is a neonatal disorder characterized by maternal alloimmunization against fetal platelet (PLT) antigens inherited from the father. A healthy 30-year-old Japanese woman (Hit) gave birth to her second child after an uneventful pregnancy. Nine hours after birth, the infant presented with severe petechiae and a PLT count of 6 x 10(9)/L.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

To elucidate the maternal cause of NAIT in the infant, serologic and genetic studies, including PLT genotyping and sequence-based analysis, were conducted. Additionally, serologic screening for the new PLT antigen was performed.

RESULTS:

Serum from the NAIT infant's mother contained antibodies directed against a human PLT antigen (HPA) of the newborn. Using five-cell-lineage flow cytometry, we localized the antigen to a PLT glycoprotein (GP). Subsequent monoclonal antibody immobilization of PLT antigen assay and PLT immunofluorescence inhibition experiments localized the antigen to the GPIIIa subunit of the GPIIb/IIIa complex. GPIIIa localization was confirmed by sequence-based typing studies, which identified a 1297C>T (407proline>serine substitution) mutation on the ninth exon of the GPIIIa gene. This mutation identified the third allele of HPA-7. Anti-Hit(a) reacted with mutated GPIIIa-transfected cells but not with stable transfectants expressing wild-type GPIIIa. Serologic screening for Hit(a) in the Japanese population revealed a phenotypic frequency of approximately 0.0015.

CONCLUSIONS:

We identified a new third allele of HPA-7, which is characterized by a 1297C>T mutation in the GPIIIa gene. This 1297C>T allele was found in 0.15% of the Japanese population. An antibody against this antigen could be the cause of severe NAIT.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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