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Br Med Bull. 2010;94:81-144. doi: 10.1093/bmb/ldp052. Epub 2010 Jan 10.

Rating scales for low back pain.

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1
Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Campus Biomedico University, Trigoria, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

During the past decades several rating scales have been developed to assess the functional status of patients with low back pain.

METHODS:

We performed a search using the keywords 'spine' in combination with 'scoring system', 'scale', 'scores', 'outcome assessment', 'low back pain' and 'clinical evaluation'.

RESULTS:

Twenty-eight scoring systems are currently available for the evaluation of low back pain. Each of them evaluates low back pain using specific variables. All these scoring systems are presented.

DISCUSSION:

Although many scoring systems have been used to evaluate the back function, we are still far from a single outcome evaluation system that is reliable, valid and sensitive to clinically relevant changes, taken into account both patients' and physicians' perspective and is short and practical to use.

CONCLUSION:

Further studies are required to evaluate the reliability, validity and sensitivity of the low back pain scoring systems used in the common clinical practice.

PMID:
20064820
DOI:
10.1093/bmb/ldp052
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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