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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2010 Mar 15;495(2):144-51. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2010 Jan 12.

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor negatively regulates Toll-like receptor agonist-induced cytokine production in human neutrophils.

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Department of Physiology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Japan.


We studied the effect of G-CSF on TLR agonist-induced cytokine production in human neutrophils. Human neutrophils produced IL-8 and TNF-alpha in response to stimulation with TLR agonists such as LPS and N-palmitoyl-S-[2,3-bis(palmitoyloxy)-(2RS)-propyl]-(R)-cysteinyl-seryl-(lysyl)(3)-lysine. This response was dependent on activation of ERK, p38, and PI3K, but not JNK. TLR agonist-induced cytokine production in neutrophils was inhibited by G-CSF, whereas it was enhanced by GM-CSF, and GM-CSF-mediated enhancement was attenuated by G-CSF. G-CSF and GM-CSF did not affect TLR agonist-induced phosphorylation of ERK, p38, JNK, Akt, and IkappaBalpha. STAT3 activation was much greater in G-CSF-stimulated neutrophils than that in GM-CSF-stimulated cells. G-CSF-mediated STAT3 phosphorylation and inhibition of TLR agonist-induced cytokine production were prevented by pretreatment of cells with AG-490 (JAK2 inhibitor). These findings suggest that G-CSF and GM-CSF exert the opposite effects on TLR agonist-induced cytokine production, and G-CSF negatively regulates TLR agonist-induced cytokine production in neutrophils via activation of STAT3.

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