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PLoS One. 2010 Jan 7;5(1):e8615. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008615.

Intracranial administration of P gene siRNA protects mice from lethal Chandipura virus encephalitis.

Author information

1
National Institute of Virology, Pune, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In parts of India, Chandipura Virus (CHPV) has emerged as an encephalitis causing pathogen in both epidemic and sporadic forms. This pediatric disease follows rapid course leading to 55-75% mortality. In the absence of specific treatment, effectiveness of RNA interference (RNAi) was evaluated.

METHODS AND FINDINGS:

Efficacy of synthetic short interfering RNA (siRNA) or short hairpin RNA (shRNA) in protecting mice from CHPV infection was assessed. The target genes were P and M genes primarily because important role of the former in viral replication and lethal nature of the latter. Real time one step RT-PCR and plaque assay were used for the assessment of gene silencing. Using pAcGFP1N1-CHPV-P, we showed that P-2 siRNA was most efficient in reducing the expression of P gene in-vitro. Both quantitative assays documented 2 logs reduction in the virus titer when P-2, M-5 or M-6 siRNAs were transfected 2 hr post infection (PI). Use of these siRNAs in combination did not result in enhanced efficiency. P-2 siRNA was found to tolerate four mismatches in the center. As compared to five different shRNAs, P-2 siRNA was most effective in inhibiting CHPV replication. An extended survival was noted when mice infected intracranially with 100 LD50 CHPV were treated with cationic lipid complexed 5 microg P-2 siRNA simultaneously. Infection with 10LD50 and treatment with two doses of siRNA first, simultaneously and second 24 hr PI, resulted in 70% survival. Surviving mice showed 4 logs less CHPV titers in brain without histopathological changes or antibody response. Gene expression profiles of P-2 siRNA treated mice showed no interferon response. First dose of siRNA at 2 hr or 4 hr PI with second dose at 24hr resulted in 40% and 20% survival respectively suggesting potential application in therapy.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results highlight therapeutic potential of siRNA in treating rapid and fatal Chandipura encephalitis.

PMID:
20062542
PMCID:
PMC2797643
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0008615
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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