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Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2010 Jan;21(1):63-8.

Rapid improvement in renal function in patients with multiple myeloma and renal failure treated with bortezomib.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology, Oncology, and Division of Nephrology, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. qayum_pims@hotmail.com

Abstract

Multiple Myeloma (MM) frequently presents with renal dysfunction apart from other manifestations. Development of renal failure in patients with MM carries a poor prognosis. Bortezomib is a new addition to drugs used in MM and has shown good efficacy and safety profiles. Previous trials have shown its efficacy in relapsed and refractory MM as well. Studies have also shown that bortezomib is also effective in patients with MM who present with renal failure. We report here six cases of renal failure secondary to MM treated with bortezomib. All patients had poor performance status of 3-4 on ECOG scale. Five out of six patients showed satisfactory anti-myeloma response to bortezomib. Reversal of renal failure was observed in all six patients. Adverse effects to bortezomib were mild and manageable. Reversal of renal failure persisted despite incomplete response to MM in two cases, and progression of disease in one patient. It appears that bortezomib may have an effect on the kidneys in reversal of renal failure, other than its anti-myeloma effect. In conclusion, bortezomib appears to be an effective treatment for patients with advanced MM and renal failure irrespective of performance status and age.

PMID:
20061695
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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