Send to

Choose Destination
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2010 Mar;3(2):202-10. doi: 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.109.902312. Epub 2010 Jan 8.

Early assessment of pulmonary inflammation by 19F MRI in vivo.

Author information

Institut für Herz- und Kreislaufphysiologie, Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, Germany.



Emulsified perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are preferentially phagocytized by monocytes/macrophages and are readily detected by (19)F MRI. This study tests the hypothesis that (19)F MRI can be used to quantitate pulmonary inflammation by tracking of infiltrating PFC-loaded monocytes.


Pneumonia was induced in mice by intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) followed by intravenous injection of PFCs. Whereas regular (1)H MRI provided no evidence of lung injury 24 hours after LPS, the concurrent (19)F images clearly show PFC accumulation in both pulmonary lobes. Imaging at 48 hours after LPS revealed signals in (1)H images at the same location as the 24-hour (19)F signals. Thus, progressive pneumonia was first predicted by (19)F MRI early after PFC administration. Without LPS, at no time were (19)F signals observed within the lung. Histology and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) combined with (19)F MRI confirmed the presence of infiltrating PFC-loaded monocytes/macrophages after LPS challenge. Additional experiments with graded doses of LPS demonstrated that (19)F signal intensity strongly correlated with both LPS dose and pathological markers of lung inflammation. In separate studies, dexamethasone and CGS21680 (adenosine 2A receptor agonist) were used to demonstrate the ability of (19)F MRI to monitor anti-inflammatory therapies.


PFCs serve as a contrast agent for the prognostic and quantitative assessment of pulmonary inflammation by in vivo (19)F MRI, which is characterized by a high degree of specificity due to the lack of any (19)F background. Because PFCs are biochemically inert, this approach may also be suitable for human applications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center