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J Acoust Soc Am. 2010 Jan;127(1):472-80. doi: 10.1121/1.3271422.

Spatial selective attention in a complex auditory environment such as polyphonic music.

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1
Department of Neurobiology, Institute of Biology II, University of Leipzig, Talstrasse 33, Leipzig D-04103, Germany. saupe@rz.uni-leipzig.de

Abstract

To investigate the influence of spatial information in auditory scene analysis, polyphonic music (three parts in different timbres) was composed and presented in free field. Each part contained large falling interval jumps in the melody and the task of subjects was to detect these events in one part ("target part") while ignoring the other parts. All parts were either presented from the same location (0 degrees; overlap condition) or from different locations (-28 degrees, 0 degrees, and 28 degrees or -56 degrees, 0 degrees, and 56 degrees in the azimuthal plane), with the target part being presented either at 0 degrees or at one of the right-sided locations. Results showed that spatial separation of 28 degrees was sufficient for a significant improvement in target detection (i.e., in the detection of large interval jumps) compared to the overlap condition, irrespective of the position (frontal or right) of the target part. A larger spatial separation of the parts resulted in further improvements only if the target part was lateralized. These data support the notion of improvement in the suppression of interfering signals with spatial sound source separation. Additionally, the data show that the position of the relevant sound source influences auditory performance.

PMID:
20058992
DOI:
10.1121/1.3271422
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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