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Perit Dial Int. 2010 Jan-Feb;30(1):41-5. doi: 10.3747/pdi.2008.00121.

The effects of previous abdominal operations and intraperitoneal adhesions on the outcome of peritoneal dialysis catheters.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. keshvari@sina.tums.ac.ir

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patients with previous history of abdominal operations are sometimes excluded from consideration for peritoneal dialysis because of concerns for increased risk of complications during the implantation procedure and inadequate dialysis due to reduced peritoneal surface area. Employing a laparoscopic approach, we compared the outcome of peritoneal dialysis catheters in 2 groups of patients with and without intra-abdominal adhesions.

METHODS:

All data in this report were recorded prospectively. Revision-free and overall survival of catheters, the incidence of mechanical and infectious complication, and surgical revision rates were compared between the 2 groups.

RESULTS:

In 217 successful catheter implantations, there was a history of previous abdominal surgery in 42.9% of procedures; only 26.9% of them had intraperitoneal adhesions; 2.8% of patients without history of previous abdominal surgery had intraperitoneal adhesions. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups for 1- and 2-year revision-free and overall catheter survival, mechanical dysfunction, infectious complications, or surgical revision rates.

CONCLUSION:

History of previous abdominal surgery should not be used to judge the eligibility of patients for peritoneal dialysis. Laparoscopic placement is the best way to ensure optimal catheter outcomes equivalent to patients without previous abdominal surgery.

PMID:
20056978
DOI:
10.3747/pdi.2008.00121
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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