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J Nucl Med. 1991 Mar;32(3):377-81.

Linear gastric emptying of hyperosmolar glucose solutions.

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Department of Radiology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio 78284-7800.


We performed a total of 12 gastric emptying studies on 6 normal subjects with a hyperosmolar (1.85 mol/l) 400-kcal glucose solution commonly used for diagnosing diabetes and a more dilute (0.62 mol/l) 200-kcal glucose solution. The gastric half-emptying time was greatly prolonged with both glucose solutions; 107 min for the (1.85 mol/l) 400-kcal glucose solution compared to 66 min for the more dilute (0.62 mol/l) 200-kcal glucose solution. Although the 200-kcal glucose solution contained one-half the amount of glucose (50 g) compared to the 400-kcal solution (100 g), the blood glucose values obtained during a 2-hr period were only slightly lower with the former solution. This study demonstrates significantly delayed gastric emptying of glucose solutions in normal subjects and a linear pattern of gastric emptying formerly associated only with solid meals.

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