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Hum Mol Genet. 2010 Mar 15;19(6):1108-18. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddp583. Epub 2010 Jan 6.

Suppression of Ca2+ signaling in a mouse model of Best disease.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science, University of Arizona, 655 N. Alvernon Way, Suite 108, Tucson, AZ 85711, USA.

Abstract

Mutations in BEST1, encoding bestrophin-1 (Best1), cause Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD), a dominantly inherited macular degeneration characterized by a diminished electrooculogram light peak (LP), lipofuscin in retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE), and fluid- and debris-filled retinal detachments. To understand the pathogenesis of BVMD we generated knock-in mice carrying the BVMD-causing mutation W93C in Best1. Both Best1(+/W93C)and Best1(W93C/W93C) mice had normal ERG a- and b-waves, but exhibited an altered LP luminance response reminiscent of that observed in BVMD patients. Morphological analysis identified fluid- and debris-filled retinal detachments in mice as young as 6 months of age. By 18-24 months of age Best1(+/W93C)and Best1(W93C/W93C) mice exhibited enhanced accumulation of lipofuscin in the RPE, and a significant deposition of debris composed of unphagocytosed photoreceptor outer segments and lipofuscin granules in the subretinal space. Although Best1 is thought to function as a Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel, RPE cells from Best1(W93C) mice exhibited normal Cl(-) conductances. We have previously shown that Best1(-/-) mice exhibit increased [Ca(2+)](i) in response to ATP stimulation. However, ATP-stimulated changes in [Ca(2+)](i) in RPE cells from Best1(+/W93C) and Best1(W93C/W93C) mice were suppressed relative to Best1(+/+) littermates. Based on these data we conclude that mice carrying the Best1(W93C) mutation are a valid model for BVMD. Furthermore, these data suggest that BVMD is not because of Best1 deficiency, as the phenotypes of Best1(+/W93C) and Best1(W93C/W93C) mice are distinct from that of Best1(-/-) mice with regard to lipofuscin accumulation, and changes in the LP and ATP Ca(2+) responses.

PMID:
20053664
PMCID:
PMC2830833
DOI:
10.1093/hmg/ddp583
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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