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J Surg Res. 2010 Aug;162(2):239-49. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2009.06.021. Epub 2009 Jul 17.

Animal models of myocardial and vascular injury.

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Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA.


Over the past century, numerous animal models have been developed in an attempt to understand myocardial and vascular injury. However, the successful translation of results observed in animals to human therapy remains low. To understand this problem, we present several animal models of cardiac and vascular injury that are of particular relevance to the cardiac or vascular surgeon. We also explore the potential clinical implications and limitations of each model with respect to the human disease state. Our results underscore the concept that animal research requires an in-depth understanding of the model, animal physiology, and the potential confounding factors. Future outcome analyses with standardized animal models may improve translation of animal research from the bench to the bedside.

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