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J Bone Miner Metab. 2010 Jul;28(4):446-50. doi: 10.1007/s00774-009-0147-6. Epub 2010 Jan 7.

Cooperative effect of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration and a polymorphism of transforming growth factor-beta1 gene on the prevalence of vertebral fractures in postmenopausal osteoporosis.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital, 35-2 Sakae-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-0015, Japan.


A T869-->C polymorphism of the transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) gene is reported to be associated with genetic susceptibility to both osteoporosis and vertebral fractures. A low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level is known to be associated with a higher risk for hip fracture. This study aimed to assess a possible cooperative effect of the gene polymorphism and vitamin D status on vertebral fracture risk. The prevalence of vertebral fracture in 168 postmenopausal female patients with osteoporosis was analyzed, and its association with the TGF-beta1 gene polymorphism and serum 25(OH)D concentration was assessed cross-sectionally. The fracture prevalence increased according to the rank order of the TGF-beta1 genotypes CC < CT < TT, as expected. A significant difference was found not only between the CC and TT genotypes (P = 0.005) but also between the CC and CT genotypes (P < 0.05) when the patients with serum 25(OH)D of more than the median value [22 ng/ml (55 nmol/l)] were analyzed. On the other hand, when those with serum 25(OH)D of less than the median value were analyzed, the protective effect of the C allele against the fracture was blunted; statistical significance in the difference of the fracture prevalence was lost between the CC genotype and the other genotypes. These data suggest that vitamin D fulfillment is prerequisite for the TGF-beta1 genotype in exerting its full effect on the fracture prevalence.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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