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J Clin Periodontol. 1991 Feb;18(2):90-3.

The effect of some chlorhexidine-containing mouthrinses on salivary bacterial counts.

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Department of Periodontology, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK.


A number of chlorhexidine mouthwashes are available commercially which differ in formulation and regimen of use. As a comparative measure of antimicrobial persistence, this study evaluated the effect of 4 chlorhexidine mouthwash formulations on salivary bacterial counts after a single rinse. The study was a randomised single-examiner blind 5-way crossover investigation employing a panel of 10 young healthy human volunteers. The 0.12% and 0.2% commercial formulations when rinsed according to the respective manufacturers instructions produced similar large and prolonged reductions in salivary bacterial counts during the 7-h period. A 0.1% formulation also commercially available produced minimal effects on salivary bacterial counts and was little different to the saline rinse. A reformulated 0.1% rinse, not commercially available at the time of the study, produced significant salivary bacterial count reductions over the 7-h period albeit to a lesser degree of magnitude than to the 0.2% and 0.12% rinses. The results were consistent with comparative plaque inhibitory studies of the formulations and suggest that the method is a quick and simple way of screening products for antimicrobial and antiplaque potential.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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